Application of solar photovoltaic in Canada and Europe

Application of solar photovoltaic in Canada and Europe

Canada: The photovoltaic module manufacturer Canadian Solar Company (CSI) signed a photovoltaic module supply contract with the Italian Arco Energy Company, AC service company Ravano Green Power Corporation and Albatec Company, and Czech WSW Company in mid-July 2008. The total transaction volume is 14. 9MW.
The Day4 Energy Company of Brixton, Canada, announced on July 22, 2008 that it had completed its photovoltaic module expansion. The first phase of the expansion enabled the company’s Burnaby production facility to increase the production capacity of photovoltaic module production lines by 35MW, thus making the current annual output The capacity is increased to 47MW.

Day4 Energy Corporation of Canada announced on July 31, 2008 that it has completed the design and manufacturing process developed to make its second-generation monocrystalline silicon solar cell efficiency reach 19% and the efficiency of polycrystalline silicon solar cell materials to 18%. The second-generation technology design can be fully matched with Day4 Energy’s existing manufacturing equipment and used for amplification. The combination of this technology and the manufacturing process can reduce production costs by 25% compared to conventional technology.

As of October 5, 2009, Ontario, Canada has entered the top 10 solar photovoltaic applications in North America. Ontario has become one of the leading provinces for solar energy development in North America, with 1.7MW solar photovoltaic projects, and now an additional 9.1MW First Solar project, which means that the total installed solar PV capacity in Ontario has reached 10. 5MW. Canada’s largest solar photovoltaic project is the 111kW system on the top of the Jean Canfield Building in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, followed by the 100kW system at the Horse Palace in Toronto, Ontario.

Solar&Opsun in Ontario, Canada announced on December 7, 2009 that it will build a solar panel production plant with a solar cell module production capacity of 200MW, which will be completed in 2010. Use CSUN’s high-efficiency SE solar cells and SunRai installation system.
Solar & Opsun will also use the advanced solar cell technology of China Sunergy to combine its PV panels, PV modules and 3X aggregation modules.

Europe: The European Union has issued a supporting policy for the use of solar power, which has strongly promoted the development of the photovoltaic industry. According to the European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA), by 2020, photovoltaic (PV) power generation facilities will be able to provide electricity to 26 million households in Mediterranean countries. The new law will encourage solar power producers to invest, and Italy and Greece will build photovoltaic facilities at a high rate of development.

Germany’s photovoltaic power generation is in a leading position, and Greece, Italy and Spain have also imitated the German New Energy Act to provide financial concessions for solar power generation on the national grid. Germany invested 3.7 billion euros in solar energy in 2005, which is one of the fastest-growing new energy sources like wind power and bioenergy. Solar energy currently accounts for less than 1% of Germany’s energy demand, but it will exceed 5% by 2020.

The thin-film industry is expected to help the EU photovoltaic industry. According to the Vision 2020 report released by the European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) on November 28, 2009, photovoltaics are expected to provide 12% of EU electricity production by 2020, and PV electricity prices will be A decline of 60%, the report pointed out that the price of electricity in Europe has increased by an average of 2% per year, while the cost of PV energy has fallen by an average of 8% per year.

Application of solar photovoltaic in Canada and Europe
Figure 1 EU Energy Outlook 2050

The European Energy Commission reached a new energy-efficient building performance directive (EPBD) agreement on December 8, 2009. According to the agreement, any new European buildings in 2020 will be close to achieving energy self-sufficiency, which means that a large proportion of the energy consumption of new buildings will be provided by renewable energy sources. Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and solar thermal energy utilization technologies are the most suitable technologies for combined application in buildings. The new directive states that buildings should have almost zero or very low energy requirements, most of which should be covered by energy from renewable energy sources, which should account for a large proportion, including renewable energy generated on-site or nearby. The European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) welcomes this and proposes to individual EU countries to implement the directive. When implementing the directive, EU member states should focus on the development of potential, existing or planned central energy supply stations. Renewable energy projects. The forecast of the European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) shows that if the 27 EU countries implement this new law accordingly, 12% of the EU’s electrical energy demand in 2020 will come from photovoltaic energy.

According to the research report released by the world’s top energy information provider and consulting company Emerging Energy Research Association in mid-December 2009, the recent growth of the PV market in southern Europe, especially Italy and France, will promote the development of the global PV industry. The study believes that the long-term growth of southern Europe is predicted to reach 38GW of new projects by 2020, while the capacity set so far is only 9GW, which is a great increase and is expected to contribute to the recent growth of the global PV industry. Southern Europe grew by about 25% in 2009. France has become one of the fastest-growing markets in Europe. Its installed capacity was 128MW in June 2009 and will exceed 800MW by 2012. Italy was the world’s largest PV market in 2008, with a capacity of 125MW in 2009. Spain is the fastest growing market in the world, accounting for more than 40% of the world’s total PV installations in 2008.

However, the German Ministry of the Environment requested a 15% reduction in the subsidy for grid-connected photovoltaics in early January 2010. The purpose is to reduce the burden on electricity users. The government’s measures to reduce subsidies will be divided into two steps. Coincidentally, on January 13, 2010, the French Ministry of Energy announced that the subsidy rate for the mandatory purchase of electricity for rooftop solar panels has been reduced by 24% from the 0.55 Euro/(kW·h) established in 2006 to 0.42 Euro/(kW·h) ), the rest of the system remains basically unchanged. Judging from this, Italy will follow Germany and France to reduce subsidies.