On August 22, 2004, a newly installed solar-powered lighting device became a beautiful scenery on the trestle bridge near Rostock, a city in northern Germany (Figure 1).
With the rapid development of renewable energy, Germany’s “green power plan”-the “100,000 rooftop photovoltaic power generation plan” has been implemented since 1999, and the plan has been successfully completed in 2003. Currently, photovoltaic power generation has been promoted to ordinary German households (Figure 2 and Figure 3).
At present, one of the world’s largest solar power plants is in Leipzig, Germany. The entire power generation device is composed of 33,500 photovoltaic panels with a power of 5MW and provides electricity for 1,800 residents.
Germany has built a 40MW solar power plant using thin-film battery technology in Mu1denta Lkreis in the eastern Saxong province. The total area of the photovoltaic facility is about 200 football fields. The “Wa1dpolenz” solar park developed by Juwi Group consists of approximately 550,000 solar cell thin-film modules. All the current produced by the solar cell modules enters the grid. The project was completed in 2009 and is one of the largest photovoltaic power generation projects to date. The solar park produces more than 12.7MW of electricity (Figure 4), and the largest photovoltaic power generation device now has a power generation capacity of about 12MW. Large-scale projects like the above can make solar power generation more competitive. There is no other solar power generation device in the world that is so large and has such a low cost. The unit cost of power generation of the 40MW solar power plant is about 3250 euros (US$4226)/kW, which is 20%-40% lower than the cost of the current solar power market in Germany. The solar power station generates about 4000kWh of clean electricity every year.
Phoenix Solar built a rooftop photovoltaic facility with a peak power output of 2.3MW for EvoBus in Neu-Ulm, Germany, in early November 2008. The solar power generation facility built on the production facility of EvoBus is the largest rooftop photovoltaic facility constructed by Phoenix Solar to date. It consists of nearly 13,500 crystalline silicon solar modules and is set on the roof of 14 warehouses with a total area of 1.8×104m2.
BP Solar and the German Meridian Neue Energy Company signed a contract on July 21, 2009. BP Solar provided 5MW photovoltaic modules. These photovoltaic modules were used in 5 rooftop projects and were put into operation in August 2009. The first four photovoltaic power generation systems were installed on the farm building, and the fifth one was built on the large roof of Michelin Tire’s factory in Bad Kreuznach.
Germany announced on August 23, 2009, the construction of the Lieberose solar power plant in Turnow-Preilack near Cottbus, Germany. This is the largest photovoltaic power generation facility in Germany with a rated capacity of 53MW. The project was jointly developed by the German Juwi Group and First Solar. Its photovoltaic power generation facility consists of 560,000 thin-film solar modules and covers an area of 162hm2.
Sinosol of Germany announced on September 7, 2009 that it will build a 7.4MW photovoltaic project in Augsburg, southern Germany. The project covers an area of about 17hm2 and will use more than 35,000 polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic modules.
Re1atio announced on January 23, 2010 that it will build the world’s largest photovoltaic solar facility in Germany. The Tauber 1andpark project will cover an area of 400hm2, and the first phase will be completed at the end of July. The facility consists of three major matrices. The first phase was built in the Tauber land area of Germany. According to reports, the Tauber land park solar array will generate 70GW.h of electricity per year, which can provide electricity for 17,500 households, which is equivalent to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 5.6×104t per year and reducing radioactive waste. 480kg.
If you know other knowledge about German solar photovoltaic, you can read another article on this site——Germany’s solar photovoltaic power generation strategy and results.